Pioneers and Partisans: An Oral History of Nazi Genocide in Belorussia

Pioneers and Partisans: An Oral History of Nazi Genocide in Belorussia

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Author/Contributor(s): Walke, Anika
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Date: 07/01/2018
Binding: Paperback
Condition: NEW
The Nazi regime and local collaborators killed 800,000 Belorussian Jews, many of them parents or relatives of young
Jews who survived the war. Thousands of young girls and boys were thus orphaned and struggled for survival on their own. This book is the first systematic account of young Soviet Jews' lives under conditions of Nazi occupation and genocide.

These orphans' experiences and memories are rooted in the 1930s, when Soviet policies promoted and sometimes actually created interethnic solidarity and social equality. This experience of interethnic solidarity provided a powerful framework for the ways in which young Jews survived and, several
decades after the war, represented their experience of violence and displacement.

Through oral histories with several survivors, video testimonies, and memoirs, Anika Walke reveals the crucial roles of age and gender in the ways young Jews survived and remembered the Nazi genocide, and shows how shared experiences of trauma facilitated community building within and beyond
national groups.

Pioneers and Partisans uncovers the repeated transformations of identity that Soviet Jewish children and adolescents experienced, from Soviet citizens in the prewar years, to a target of genocidal violence during the war, to a barely accepted national minority in the postwar Soviet Union.